Medical school is the one and only method of becoming a physician, at least in the United States. The following summarizes the general information regarding medical schools in the U.S. and Canada. We’ve collected information for the accredited medical schools in the U.S. and Canada, as well as information about medical schools in the Caribbean.
If you would like to view the general medical school admissions requirements, view the admissions information section of this website.
Types of Medical Schools in the U.S.
There are two types of medical schools in the United States – allopathic medical schools and osteopathic medical schools. Allopathic medical schools are the traditional medical schools in the U.S. and award an M.D. degree to their graduates, earning the title of medical doctor. Osteopathic medical schools are growing in number and award a D.O. degree to their graduates, who earn a title of Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine. There are also two different associations – the AAMC and the AACOM – that work with their respective accrediting bodies to represent the medical education communities.
The Association of American Medical Colleges (AAMC) is a not-for-profit association that represents the 141 M.D.-granting medical institutions in the United States and the 17 M.D.-granting medical institutions in Canada. The AAMC also represents nearly 400 major teaching hospitals and health systems, including 51 Department of Veterans Affairs medical centers and 90 academic and scientific societies.
The American Association of Colleges of Osteopathic Medicine (AACOM) is an organization that represents the 29 colleges of osteopathic medicine in the United States. The member schools of the AACOM are accredited by the American Osteopathic Association Commission on Osteopathic College Accreditation (COCA), recognized to accredit osteopathic medical education by the U.S. Department of Education.
Graduates of allopathic medical schools receive a Doctor of Medicine (M.D.) Degree. Generally speaking, an allopathic approach to medicine includes a symptomatic or pathophysiologic for the diagnosis and treatment of diseases or conditions. M.D.s are doctors and physicians that practice “traditional medicine” or “conventional medicine”. In recent years, debate has ensued over the potentially derisive nature of labels for many M.D.s and D.O.s.
To view information about all M.D.-granting institutions, view all Allopathic Medical Schools
Osteopathic medical school graduates are eligible for a license as a Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine (D.O.). In fact, D.O.s are full qualified to practice medicine, which includes but is not limited to, writing prescriptions and performing surgery. D.O.s practice a holistic approach to medicine, which includes treating patients with regards to the body as a whole.
Osteopathic medical school training includes manipulative treatment, additional focus on the musculoskeletal system, and a primary goal of preventative health care. More than 60% of graduate osteopathic medical school students choose to pursue residencies in primary care specialties. Some primary care specialties include family medicine, general internal medicine, pediatrics, and obstetrics and gynecology.
To view information about all D.O.-granting institutions, view all Osteopathic Medical Schools
Medical Schools in the United States
View med schools in your state. The following page lists information for each M.D. and D.O. program for each state in the U.S. There’s even an interactive map, making it easier to view the information for all the medical schools closest to you.
[View Information about U.S. Medical Schools.]
AAMC and AACOM Medical Schools Outside the U.S.
These schools are considered “U.S. Schools” by some because they are member institutions of the AAMC or AACOM.
Caribbean Medical Schools
Although not accredited by the LCME, medical schools in the Caribbean are becoming more popular for students in the United States in Canada. Generally, Caribbean medical schools have more relaxed entrance requirements and cost less than their U.S. counterparts.
[View Information about Caribbean Medical Schools.]